Estonia, the small Baltic country with little natural resources, has been working hard to position itself as an innovative, technology-friendly country. Proud of being the first e-state with numerous digital solutions that make tax-paying and voting easier for its citizens, a few years Estonia started the first e-residency program to invite foreign citizens to open businesses in Estonia. How well have these policies paid off?
Let's take a closer look at:
- Estonia's attractiveness as place for doing business
- Livability and environmental performance of Estonia
- Brand Estonia: strengths and weaknesses
- Estonia a "Good Country"?
Estonia attractive for doing business?
What do the different international rankings say about the country’s attractiveness of doing business?
World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index gives Estonia the most favoring evaluation, ranking it on position 12 among the 190 countries surveyed in the 2018 study. A high-ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm. According to this study, Estonia’s business policies are going in the right direction to invite more investors and entrepreneurs to start a business in the country. Registering property (2nd), enforcing contracts (5th) and dealing with construction permits (5th) are topics where Estonia scored highest in the region. However, protecting minor investors (29th) and resolving insolvency (27th) is what has been keeping the country from reaching an even higher position in the past two years.
World Economic Forum’s 2018 Competitiveness index is less favorable to Estonia, positioning it 29th out of the 137 countries surveyed. Once again, the outcomes are quite positive when it comes to the efficiency of the labor market and its macroeconomic environment (both 15th). The technological readiness (20th) and innovation (30th) were also ranked relatively high; however, its small market size (98th) brings Estonia down in the Competitiveness index that hasn’t made any remarkable improvements in the last ten years.
A third index that gives us an idea of Estonia’s attractiveness for doing business is the indicator of talent, provided by Bloom’s Digital Country index. This ranking is based on worldwide online searches and focuses on 5 main aspects: investment, tourism, prominence, exports and talent where Estonia scored highest (87th). The overall ranking was 104th out of the more than 240 places that were evaluated in the study.
Livability and environmental performance of Estonia
Have Estonia’s progressive economic policies also contributed to environmental and social sustainability?
One of the international indices that can help us learn about a country’s efforts of being both environmentally and socially sustainable is OECD’s Better Life index. This annual study that was first launched in 2011 focuses on 11 topics that vary from environment to work-life balance. The environmental indicators take into account air pollution, which was evaluated rather well in Estonia (8th out of the 38 OECD countries), and water quality, which could be better according to the study (23/38). The 2017 survey also brings out that the subjective well-being of Estonians is low, leaving the country in the bottom third of OECD members for life satisfaction.
On the other hand, Estonia did perform well for its indicator of environmental sustainability (12th) in World Economic Forum’s 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness index.
Its results were also very good in the 2016 Environmental Performance index (EPI), where Estonia ranked 8th out of the 180 countries, being ahead of Switzerland (16th) and Norway (17th). Estonia has been improving its position in the EPI year by year, going from ranking 19th in 2008, to the current position in the top 10, composed entirely of European countries.
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